But by far the most significant member of the British school was Sir James G. We should point out some of the inherent limitations of the mythological approach. Living gulls and ducks, herons and pigeons, leave it cold, but the work of art strikes some very deep chord!
In the following pages we examine these in roughly chronological order, nothing how each may be applied to critical analysis. Kearney and Rasmussen is a broad selection of 19th- and 20th-century Continental philosophers on literature and art in general.
Eventually everything was written down, from things like home remedies and cures for illness, or how to build shelter to traditions and religious practices. The mythos of spring: Because of the vastness and the complexity of mythology, a field of study whose mysteries anthropologists and psychologists are still working to penetrate, our brief introduction can give the reader only a superficial and fragmentary overview.
For it is with the relationship of literary art to "some very deep chord," in human nature that mythological criticism deals.
Drama Drama is literature intended for performance. Davies, David, and Carl Matheson, eds.
Studying these transformations reveals the powers of the goddess all over again, enriching the lives of men as well as women. The Goddess is, like all feelings, primordial, feared by Gods, capable even to give life Galateea.
Frazer, whose monumental The Golden Bough has exerted an enormous influence on twentieth-century literature, not merely on the critics but also on such creative writers as James Joyce, Thomas Mann, and T.
Apollo represents the sun, Poseidon represents water, and so on. The mythos of summer: Nevertheless, he constantly referred to myths throughout his writings. It was a well-known mythic narrative long before he immortalized it as tragic drama.
The Philosophy of Literature. Furthermore, a wooden model of a hawk, drawn forward along a wire above their coop, will send them scurrying if the model is pulled backward, however, there is no response. Harvester, ], and "The New Feminist Criticisms: The image on one side is the anima; on the other side, the persona.
The king and queen of ancient Thebes, Laius and Jocasta, are told in a prophecy that their newborn son, after he has grown up, will murder his father and marry his mother. Through literature we are able to continuously uncover new information about history.
Scientific works of AristotleCopernicusand Newton still exhibit great value, but since the science in them has largely become outdated, they no longer serve for scientific instruction. Apollo; the intuitive inspiration: Roman civil law as codified in the Corpus Juris Civilis during the reign of Justinian I of the Byzantine Empire has a reputation as significant literature.
Two Jungian concepts that have influenced literature are the collective unconscious and archetypes. Following his theory, we might say that any female figure who is invested with unusual significance or power is likely to be a symbol of the anima. Myths are by nature collective and communal; they bind a tribe or a nation together in common psychological and spiritual activities.
Psyche and her lover, Eros. Davies and Lamarque offer sophisticated and even-handed introductions to major themes in the philosophy of literature while persuasively advancing the particular philosophical views of their respective authors.
They are seen not only as being the opposite of error but also as being clearly distinguishable from stories told for entertainment and from the workaday, domestic, practical language of a people. The inevitable reaction was the explosion of Romanticism in the later 18th century which reclaimed the imaginative and fantastical bias of old romances and folk-literature and asserted the primacy of individual experience and emotion.
As with the psychological approach, the reader must take care that enthusiasm for a new-found interpretive key does not tempt him or her to discard other valuable critical instruments or to try to open all literary doors with this single key. Steckera clear and concise introduction to the philosophy of art in general, includes careful reconstructions and criticisms of some of the major positions in the philosophy of literature.
In other words, this essay is dedicated to the attempt of reconstructing the psychological knowledge of ancient Greeks from their mythology.Historically, important approaches to the study of mythology have included those of Vico, Schelling, Schiller, Jung, Freud, Lévy-Bruhl, Lévi-Strauss, Frye, the Soviet school, and the Myth and Ritual School.
From Mythology to Psychology - an essay on the Archaic Psychology in Greek Myths. not lost, but found (as we demonstrated), maybe in a different form, in modern scientific psychology.
Even more, this psychological approach to mythology has often proved to be more than “literature”, but a valid, useful investigation, capable to generate. Philosophical Approaches to Religion in the Perspective of the Concept philosophical views of Schleiermacher and Tillich, even those of Weber and Toynbee.
“mythology of reason” and a “mythology of feeling”, which are self-sufficient alternatives of the empirical order (Schleiermacher) or have in some miraculously way.
Psychological Theories of Identity and Literature Analysis most modern writers use psychological concepts, or popular interpretations of such concepts. Mythological and Archetypal Approach to Analyze Literature.
Actually, mythology encompasses more than grade school stories about the Greek and Roman deities or clever fables invented for the amusement of children (or the harassment of students in college literature courses).
Critical Approaches to Study Literature; Objective. Approaches to Literary Criticism Literary criticism is the study, analysis, and evaluation of imaginative literature. Philosophical (or moral) criticism evaluates the ethical content of literary works.
Psychological criticism examines the work in terms of the motivations of the characters.Download