Paper chemistry

Waterfor example, is strongly cohesive as each molecule may make four hydrogen bonds to other water molecules in a tetrahedral configuration. The polarity is due to the electronegativity of the atom of oxygen: Among Paper chemistry forces that govern drop formation: Mercury exhibits more cohesion than adhesion with glass.

In other words, cohesion allows for surface tensioncreating a "solid-like" state upon which light-weight or low-density materials can be placed.

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Another security feature paper Paper chemistry have is the watermark, which is an image incorporated in the banknote paper, usually during the paper molding process.

These are called polar covalent bonds, covalent bonds between atoms that thus become oppositely charged.

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Cohesion, along with adhesion attraction between unlike moleculeshelps explain phenomena such as meniscussurface tension and capillary action. In certain cases the banknote paper is a mix of special paper with linen or various other textile fibers.

It is an intrinsic property of a substance that is caused by the shape and structure of its molecules, which makes the distribution of orbiting electrons irregular when molecules get close to one another, creating electrical attraction that can maintain a microscopic structure such as a water drop.

Banknote paper is usually infused with gelatin or polyvinyl alcohol in order to make it stronger. This article needs additional citations for verification.

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The thread is a security feature found in most modern banknotes, which is hard to reproduce due to its complicated structure it usually consists of metallic, fluorescent and magnetic components.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Paper money change hand thousands of times, during their life cycle, which requires them to be produced of much stronger and lasting material. So, how does the chemistry fit in into the paper banknotes producing picture?

Two distinctive features of paper banknotes are the thread and the watermark. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In simple terms, the polarity state in which a molecule is oppositely charged on its poles of water molecules allows them to be attracted towards each other.

This results in a relatively strong Coulomb force between molecules. March Learn how and when to remove this template message The cohesive character of water is clearly noticeable.

Chemistry plays important role in increasing the durability of paper banknotes, ultimately increasing their useful life. Banknote manufacturers also work on improving the banknote paper mechanical stability, mixing natural and synthetic fibers in the banknote paper, making the ultimate product much more durable.

Although in modern banking world the amount of digital financial transactions like money transfers and advancing various loans overwhelms the transactions done with banknotes, we still need and use paper money in everyday life.

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The Chemistry of Paper Money The Chemistry of Paper Money. Paper banknotes are made from a special paper, which is very dense, making it stronger and more flexible compared to regular paper.

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Chemistry at University of Memphis. Welcome to the Department of Chemistry website at the University of Memphis!

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Paper chemistry
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